# OD

An **OD**, or **otonal division**, is a kind of arithmetic and harmonotonic tuning.

## Specification

Its full specification is n-ODp: n otonal divisions of the rational interval p.

## Formula

To find the steps for an n-ODp, begin by recognizing that while the multiplicative interval relating your root position to the end position is [math]p[/math] (or [math]\frac p1[/math]), if you are going to move arithmetically (by repeated addition) from [math]1[/math] to [math]p[/math], then the difference in frequency space that you are dividing up is not actually [math]p[/math], but [math]p - 1[/math]. And because you are dividing it into [math]n[/math] parts, each step will have a size of [math]\frac{p-1}{n}[/math]. So, the formula for the frequency of step [math]k[/math] of an n-ODp is:

[math] f(k) = 1 + (\frac kn)(p-1) [/math]

This way, when [math]k[/math] is [math]0[/math], [math]f(k)[/math] is simply [math]1[/math]. And when [math]k[/math] is [math]n[/math], [math]f(k)[/math] is simply [math]1 + (p-1) = p[/math].

## Tips

If you want to describe overtones 1-9 as an OD you would need to use 8-OD9, because there are only 8 steps from 1 to 9. You could think of it like 9 is the 8th overtone, so you're really dividing 8 by 8. You're dividing the number of overtones. Alternatively, you could describe this as an OS, or overtone sequence, by simply saying 8-OS.

## Relationship to other tunings

### vs. ED

It is possible to — instead of equally dividing the octave in 12 equal parts by pitch, or 12-EDO — divide it into 12 equal parts by length. You will have 12-UDO.

### vs. EFD

The only difference between n-ODp and n-EFDp is that the p for an EFD (equal frequency division) is irrational, and therefore its pitches and intervals are all irrational too.

### vs. ADO

The nth overtone mode, or over-n scale is equivalent to n-ODO. So is n-ADO.

### vs. OS

Any ODO will be equivalent to some OS (otonal sequence). E.g. 8-OD7 = 8-OS3/4, because to get from 1 to 7 you cover 6 overtones, and 6 divided by 8 is 3/4.

### vs. UD

The equivalent utonal version of an OD is a UD (utonal sequence).

## Examples

quantity | (0) | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

frequency (f) | (4/4) | 5/4 | 6/4 | 7/4 | 8/4 |

pitch (log₂f) | (0) | 0.32 | 0.58 | 0.81 | 1 |

length (1/f) | (4/4) | 4/5 | 4/6 | 4/7 | 4/8 |